Do You Ever Ask Yourself the Question – How Do Pharmaceutical Drugs Get in Drinking Water?

How do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water? Probe finds drugs in drinking water

In March, 2008 a major news story hit the airwaves. An AP investigation into the safety of common tap water led to the revelation that there were drugs in the drinking water. And it wasn’t an isolated case according to the news report entitled: probe finds drugs in drinking water; more than 41 million Americans may be at risk. The story went on to answer the question: how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water?

And the answer was a little alarming. The fact is that all of us contribute to the problem and there doesn’t seem to be any way to get around it. According to the AP investigative report, “probe finds drugs in drinking water”: The drugs get there in two ways: First, when we take medicine of any kind, our body simply doesn’t absorb the entire drug. So if we are taking medicine, every time we flush some of it goes down the drain. The second answer to how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water has to do with the way we dispose of outdated or unused medicines. We either flush them down the toilet or rinse them down the drain. When the resulting sewage is processed, the drugs remain in the water. At least 10% of this recycled water ends up in our drinking water.

While the AP report: “probe finds drugs in drinking water”, was very informative in answering the question: how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water? I am actually more interested in ways that I can protect my family from this possible risk.

I got a partial answer in the news story itself. It noted that a reverse osmosis water filtration system works to filter out drugs and other chemicals from tap water but, then it went on to say that this type of water filtration system doesn’t work 100 % of the time.

I thought about buying bottled water but then I read that the bottled water industry isn’t regulated nearly as well as our tap water and our tap water has the problem. Unknown to most who purchase it, there is contamination in bottled water as well. People who use it still have to wonder: how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water?

Next, I looked into other types of water filtration systems available to home owners and I discovered that a carbon-ion water filtration system was the best solution. The carbon-ion filtration system not only traps the bacteria, pollutants, drugs and chemicals that may remain in tap water after it has been processed but it also renders the chemicals and drugs inert.

I went ahead and purchased a carbon-ion water filtration system for my home and I am pleased with the results. Others may have to wonder: how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water; but, I feel safe in the knowledge that my family is protected from such worries.

Alcohol And Drug Addiction – How Can You See It?

Sometimes it can be hard to spot the signs of alcohol and drug addiction, especially in our modern world. Alcohol is very much a part of the culture and having a few beers is customary in many parts of the world. It seems that many people are willing to except problematic behavior, such as drunkenness, as a part of ordinary life in Western culture. Drinking is pushed on people, regardless of age, as a normal rite of passage.

Alcohol is ever-present, not only in bars and restaurants but at sporting events, concerts, festivals and other gatherings. Additionally, prescription drugs are freely dispensed and many Americans are on one or more prescriptions for various maladies. In a culture where both alcohol and prescription drugs are always available and widely accepted, it falls to us to take personal responsibility for our consumption. This is as it should be. However, too often we fail to realize that we have allowed ourselves to get out of control. It is crucial that we learn to recognize the warning signs of alcohol and drug addiction.

Alcohol Drug Addiction

Alcohol drug addiction is insidious. Unlike the so-called “hard drugs” such as cocaine and heroin, which can be almost instantaneously addictive, alcohol drug addiction tends to creep up slowly over time. According to publications by the Mayo Clinic and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism you should watch your drinking patterns for, among others, the following elements:

  • Drinking alone and/or hiding your drinking.
  • Losing periods of time when drinking.
  • Drinking to become intentionally intoxicated.
  • Craving alcohol and becoming irritated if it is not available.
  • Developing drinking rituals, such as beers after work, and becoming upset if something disturbs your ritual.
  • Losing interest in non-alcohol related hobbies and activities.
  • Hiding alcohol in unusual places.
  • Developing tolerance — needing progressively more alcohol to achieve the same effect.
  • Inability to control the amount you consume when drinking.
  • Physical withdrawal symptoms when you do not drink.

Prescription Drug Addiction

Prescription drug addiction is a lot more common than we think. It is more difficult to determine, as the prescription is originally designed as the answer to a medical problem. Yet, it is rather simple for a prescription drug addiction to become a medical problem in and of itself and for the simple use of prescribed drugs to become addictive.

Like alcohol drug addiction, prescription drug addiction tends to creep up over time. Watch out for many of the same symptoms of addiction that you would for alcohol addiction. Additionally, be aware of any of the following behaviors:

  • Taking more than the prescribed dose or taking the prescription drug more frequently than prescribed.
  • “Doctor shopping” — Visiting multiple doctors in an attempt to gain more prescriptions for the same or different drugs.
  • Fraudulent prescriptions — Calling in a prescription yourself or having a friend or relative do so.
  • Buying prescription medications on the street or “borrowing” pills from a friend.
  • Pharmacy theft — stealing prescription medications from a pharmacy or hospital.

Alcohol and drug addiction are both commonly referred to as diseases of the brain, yet it may well be the only disease that people ever invite upon themselves. With treatment, addiction can be overcome. If you or someone you know is experiencing addiction, get help immediately and check into a rehab facility or see a doctor. Drug and alcohol addiction does not need to cost a life in order to make an impact.

Link Between Online Pharmacies and Medical Adherence

A study of the Kaiser Permanente’s Division of Research of Oakland, California and UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) from the American Journal of Managed Care has suggested that more persons follow their medicines when bought from delivery services. They adhere better to prescription medicines from web pharmaceuticals than patients who purchase from local drug stores. Research on patient medication obedience is usually specified to what influences disobedience from patients. These factors cause physician to accuse the patient, according to Dr. O. Kenrik Duru, principal investigator and assistant professor of the general internal medicine and health services research in the UCLA David Gaffen School of Medicine. This is the very first research made to research the association between the pharmaceutical service and following of medications. It consists of a control for extra values and medicine supplies for both nearby pharmacy and online customers. Duru adds that the research effectively specified the role of mail-order pharmacies and do so w/o the results being influenced by the cost or amount of medicines mailed.

The study was conducted by studying medicine refill data of 13,922 Kaiser Permanente members of Northern California from 2006 to 2007. It was discovered that 84.7 percent of individuals who had their medicines delivered 2/3 of the instance obeyed their doctor’s prescription regimen. Only 76.9 percent of individuals who bought the medication themselves followed the doctor’s orders. All 84.7 % of these patients constantly adhered to all 3 medicine types, according to research scientist Julie A. Schmittdiel, Ph.D from the Kaiser Permanente research divisions. The medications that were adhered to consist of treatment for high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

The study also suggested that white individuals had a higher percentage of having their pills delivered versus Hispanics. The white patients are more expected to order from the net as they’re in the highest socioeconomic status quartile. White patients also had a greater likelihood of having medications delivered than African Americans, Asians or Pacific Islanders, and mixed race individuals.

Online pharmacy purchasers have a better monetary motivation to fulfill their meds when they live far away from the local pharmaceutical. This way, they are able to receive a big amount order at a lower value. For instance, 3 months supply of medication is valued at the price of a 2 month amount. The value is less expensive and the quantity supply for people staying in more provincial or remote regions. A greater mount of cash is saved w/o spending on gas and travel.

Generally, the research implies that mailed drugs can enhance an patient’s adherence to prescribed medicines. Doctors having trouble with persons not following their prescription medicines or routines can advise mail order pharmaceuticals. By allowing patients to understand there are low-cost alternatives with generic drugs and the convenience of having them delivered, they will no longer resist the necessity for their medicines.

The company behind the research, the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, aims to enhance health and medical care of society. Their research involves topics on epidemiologic and health services that will aptly enhance the medical care of the Kaiser Permanente members.