Pharmacy Technician Test For Your Competency Evaluation

The Pharmacy Technician Test has been prepared to assess the competency evaluation of a Pharmacy Technician. The test also evaluates the working quality of a Pharmacy Technician in actual working in pharmacy settings. Certification is awarded to the passing candidate. But, why Pharmacy test and Certification are essential for a Pharmacy personnel and how they will be benefited by earning the certification?

In order to answer these questions, it is necessary to gain knowledge about Pharmacy Technicians. Pharmacy professionals are well trained in pharmacy field and they assist the Pharmacist by performing various pharmacy related works. It is their duty to help pharmacist in preparation of prescription, provide medications to customers and patients alike, counsel customers about use and misuse of the drugs, inform them about the effects of different types of drugs on the body, look after the cash counter, do administrative duties and perform numerous other pharmacy and drug related works in a pharmacy.

Though no formal education is required for working in a Pharmacy and work-on-the job training is enough for getting employment in a pharmacy. But, obtaining a Certification offers various types of benefits, such as better career prospects, higher salary and wider knowledge of medication field.

The Certification is offered by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board and it is necessary to pass the PTCB Certification test for earning certification. There are many community colleges, schools, trade schools and online courses, which prepares a student for the test.

PTCB certification test consist of 125 multiple choice scoring questions and 15 non-scoring questions. The non-scoring questions do not score but, they are helpful in future tests and quality test. The duration of the exam is 3 hours and the person appearing for the test must answer all questions, within that stipulated time period. Scores are offered according to the answered questions. Thus, it is necessary for a student to answer all questions to score better. Every question has 4 answers option, where only one answer is correct and that has to be marked by the individual appearing for the exam.

If you are also looking for the better career prospect, then you must sit for the Certification test and earn certification, which can also help you in getting registered with respective State Board of Pharmacy.

Guide to Pharmacies and Drugstores in Germany

What English-speakers refer to as pharmacies are known as Apotheke or Apotheken (plural) in Germany.

You probably are aware of this word from it’s English adoption, apothecary, and this word is used is many languages the world over.

In all German cities at all times of the day, there are always at least two pharmacies open. It is usual to find a list of these pharmacies and their respective opening hours printed in both the local government/council-printed newspapers as well as the council website, which usually can be found by typing in www. followed by the name of the city, followed by .de (the German web domain).

When open, these pharmacies offer a complete sales and medical advice service, so you can go in for a pack of paracetamol as well as for advice on prescription drugs and what you should do about that bump on the arm etc.

Sometimes, the duty pharmacy is indicated by signs in their shop windows.

What you won’t hear about until you actually have ordered a product, is the out of hours gebuhr/service charge that they charge to cover their staff overtime pay. It usually consists of just a few Euro’s or so.

Normally, you will find somebody who can speak a little English in these shops but if you do not, unless you are stuck with the only shop on all night duty, my recommendation is that you move on to another shop.

The problems that might arise from a misunderstanding are just too bad to think about.

Be prepared for alternative medicines being recommended to you instead of what you really came in for, the German pharmacies are well-known for this and they love to sell you two items that sound nicer than the one you really wanted. It is a business after all. You may even be tempted to go back by the free stuff they give you with each purchase, perhaps pocket tissues with their address on them or throat losenges when you have a cough that they notice!

The names of drugs themselves are fairly similar to what you are familiar to in English. Aspirin is Apsirin and Paracetamol is Paracetamol, only the pronunciation is slightly different. Try writing down on a piece of paper what you want and maybe pronunciation problems can be avoided. But other names are not the same. So, for example, cough medicine is Hustensyrop – pronounced Hoo-sten-soo-rop.

The Differences Between Drug Addiction and Drug Dependence

When many people hear the terms drug addiction and drug dependence, they automatically assume the meaning is the same. The American Society of Addiction Medicine confirms that these two terms are not the same. In fact, in a clinical environment, not understanding the differences in these two terms can be detrimental to effectively treating substance abuse.

Drug addiction is characterized by a behavior disorder where a person’s primary motivation is using their drug of choice. All the addict thinks about is getting his hands on and taking the drug. Drug addiction also involves biological changes that directly affect the brain. Drug addiction can have devastating consequences in a person’s life. The obsession for drugs can lead to loss of a job, relationships, and legal troubles. Common signs of addiction may include:

* Drug seeking (trying to get the drug through illegal means like going to multiple pharmacies.
* Craving
* Obsession with getting the drug
* Non-conventional usage (using the drug for pleasure or to become intoxicated)
* Problems functioning with a normal routine (becoming less productive, missing appointments)
* Legal problems
* Relationship problems

Detoxification can help put an end to the physical need, but the psychological hold of a drug is one reason an addict is never actually “cured.” Maintaining sobriety is a challenging, ongoing process.

Drug dependence refers to a situation where a person becomes physiologically dependent on a drug and must take it in order to function normally. If they are unable to take the drug for a period of time, the person goes through what is commonly known as withdrawal symptoms signaling dependence. They include:

* Sweating
* Chills
* Aches
* Vomiting
* Diarrhea

Drug dependence can also become the cause of certain psychological problems. Anxiety, trouble concentrating, depression can also be symptoms of drug dependence.
It is possible for a drug to produce symptoms of drug dependence without addiction. Examples of this include steroids, medications for depression, blood pressure medication and antihistamines. You may experience withdrawal reactions when you stop taking them, but you won’t have an overpowering need to continue taking the drug. Likewise some individuals are more likely to become addicted to drugs than others based on biological and psychological factors as well as social influences.

Different drugs produce different physical effects, but the symptoms of addiction are the same. Drug addiction is a complex problem that requires proper treatment, support and the right tools to help you regain control and enjoy a happier, sober life.